Peas
 
The nutritional value of peas is very high as these healthy vegetables are bursting with vitamins, mineral and nutrients. The pea pods are a good source of folic acid. The vitamins in peas include Vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B6, vitamin C and vitamin K.
This powerful combination of vitamins mean that there are lots of health benefits. Please refer to the vitamins in vegetables page for further information and interesting facts about the effects of individual vitamins and their nutritional benefits.
 
Vegetables
 
Healthy Foods Index
 
Peas
This healthy vegetable can support the immune system, reduce stress levels, reduce fatigue and aid the digestive system and other areas of the body in many different ways. All pea nutrition, including green peas nutrition, is very high. This particular vegetable provides a good level of protein which is somewhat a rarity in vegetables.

The garden pea contains around 6g of protein per 100g serving. The combination of rice and peas certainly provides a high source of protein (rice contains around 7-9g protein per 100g serving). Peas are ideal vegetables for vegetarians as their diets can lack in protein.

There are plenty of health benefits of peas as they provide lots of essential nutrients including iron, zinc, potassium, magnesium, and fibre.

This green vegetable is very healthy and there are also low calories and carbohydrates in peas, this nutritional vegetable offers many health benefits - vitamins, nutrients and minerals.

This popular, healthy green peas provides high nutritional value. The amount of calories in peas depends on the way that they are cooked, for example if boiled, baked, steamed, or stir fried.

The following calorie guide can be used to calculate the amount of carbs and calories in peas. This guide also shows the amount of protein in peas:

Calories in Peas per 100 grams:
Boiled - 79 calories / 10 carbs / 6.7 protein
Frozen boiled - 69 calories / 9.7 carbs / 6 protein
Canned - 80 calories / 13.5 carbs / 5.3 protein
Dried boiled - 109 calories / 19.9 carbs / 6.9 protein
Frozen petits pois boiled - 49 calories / 5.5 carbs / 4 protein
Canned petits pois - 60 calories / 11 carbs / 5.3 protein
 
 

Peas
Peas are small round leguminous vegetables that grow in a row, inside a pod - hence the common expression 'like two peas in a pod'. The garden pea's pods are approximately 2-3 inches long.

Standard garden peas are rich green in color, however, there are other varieties such as black peas and black eyes peas which are not green. Despite the name of the peas, they are not actually black. Please refer to the 'types of peas' section for further information, descriptions and facts.

It is believed that the history of peas dates back centuries, possibly as early as 5700BC. Peas have provided people with their high nutritional value for years! They are grown on a plant, they grow rapidly and require a trellis as support throughout the growth process. This legume vegetable is ready to eat once per year for approximately 3-4 weeks, at the beginning of the summer.

Storing and Picking Peas
Fresh peas are not always available all year round, obviously depending on the country in which they are grown. Peas are usually ready for eating during the early summer time for approximately 3-4 weeks.

When buying fresh peas, look for healthy pea pods that are not limp nor wilting. The pea pods should feel firm and appear vibrant. The pod color should be rich green. If you are unable to find fresh varieties, try to buy a good make of frozen peas.

Check the packaging to find out as much information as possible about the picking of the peas. Some brands now state the time taken between picking and freezing peas. The quicker they are frozen from picking, the better as their freshness and nutritional value will have been well maintained.

Preparing and Shelling Peas for Cooking
How to shell peas:
Shelling is very easy. Simply split peas by pressing open the pea pods and pushing them out using your thumb. Some varieties, such as mangetouts, will need to be topped and tailed before popping the pod open for shelling.

Cooking Peas
Follow the instructions above 'how to shell pea pods'. Boil peas in rapid boiling water for a few minutes. They will float to the top during the cooking process. It is easy to cook fresh peas, they can be microwaved, steamed, and in many pea recipes, they are baked.

These vegetables make an excellent addition to rice, pasta, lasagna or vegetable bakes, omelettes, stir fries, soup, sauce or dips. The nutrition of peas is high and they provide one of your five a day. They taste delicious, some varieties are sweet which are appealing and ideal vegetables for kids.

This vegetable compliments many other foods really well including chicken, fish, and other vegetables. The combination of peas and carrots is particularly popular.

Types of Peas
There are many kinds of peas, all deliciously tasty and packed full of goodness. The following varieties are some of the most popular:

Petits Pois Peas - this variety is delicious and very popular. Petits pois are baby peas, a very small dwarf variety of pea that is commonly available either canned or frozen. This variety is low in calories - see the calorie guide below for details.

Mangetouts - this type is a lovely sweet pea variety that is eaten whole. Mangetout can be eaten raw and are excellent served in salads. Mangetouts are also very good for stir frys.

Black Eyed Peas - this variety are sometimes known as black eyed beans. They are dried peas or beans. This dried variety of pea are small, cream colored with a black eye or spot on them. Blackeyed peas are commonly used in Indian cooking. They are very tasty and have a creamy texture.

Black Peas - the black peas variety is a purple podded pea which is sometimes known by the names of parched or maple peas. Black peas are often eaten sprinkled with salt and vinegar from a cup. They are traditionally found in the North of England and they are often served at fairgrounds.

Marrowfat Peas - this variety are larger than garden peas and the texture is a great deal softer. Marrowfats are a little paler than the rich green garden pea. This variety are often canned which makes them very simple and quick to simply heat up in a saucepan, marrowfats.

Chick Peas - this is another variety of dried peas. They are beige colored, rounded and have a delicious nutty taste.

Some other popular types include mushy, butter, English, pigeon, sweet, snow, sugar, and sugar snap peas.

 
 
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