The nutritional value of corn or maize, is excellent as this
sweet tasting, succulent vegetable provides a range of vitamins
including vitamin A, vitamin B and vitamin C. It is very
nutritious as it contains important nutrients which are
essential to our health and well-being including potassium,
protein, iron, magnesium and phosphorus.
The word corn was the English word given to staple food. When
Christopher Columbus arrived on the Caribbean Island of Cuba in
1492, he was given mais as a gift by the Native Americans. The
Indians names this type of food mais but we commonly recognize
it by the names of corn or maize.
The name derived as this was the staple food for Indians. It is
a tall North American cereal plant, otherwise known as Zea mays,
that yields large kernels, or grains which are yellow in color
and grow in rows on a cob. The corn cobs grow within closely
fitted, long, green leaves.
Carbs and Calories Corn
Sweetcorn is fairly low in calories and is fantastic as part of
a controlled diet. It is a very healthy vegetable that is
bursting with nutritional beneifts. The amount of calories and
carbs in corn depends on the way that it is cooked, for example
if the corn is fried, baked, grilled, bbq, stir-fried, steamed,
The following calorie guide can be used to
calculate the amount of carbohydrates and calories in corn:
Carbohydrates and Calories per 100 grams:
Boiled Baby Corn on the Cob - 24 calories / 2.7g carbs
on the Cob - 110 calories / 18g carbs
Canned Corn Kernels -
122 calories / 26.6g carbs
Frozen Corn Kernels - 93 calories
/ 18.4g carbs
The History of Corn
Corn was originally cultivated in South America. It was highly
regarded by the Native Americans as it was a very important
source of food that contained high nutritional value with an
excellent, divine flavor.
The Native Americans did not solely
use corn for eating purposes as the corn plants had other great
benefits! Corn plants were used for making fences and shelters!
These cereal plants can grow to approximately 11 feet tall so
they became hugely beneficial to natives.
Planting and harvesting corn was of
extreme importance, and corn was simply regarded as necessity
and a source of life!
Picking and Storing Corn
The fresher the corn, the better! Corn's natural sugar starts to
turn to starch once it has been picked. The husks should appear
green with golden tassels. They should be matt-free and
dirt-free. This vegetable should appear yellow, vibrant and
plump. Try to avoid limp or shrivelled looking corn.
Varieties of Corn
There are different types of corn - sweetcorn is corn on the
cob. Baby corn is baby cobs of corn which are immature when
picked. This variety is delicious in stir fry and are generally
Preparing Corn for Cooking
When preparing this vegetable for cooking, remove the husks by
carefully stripping them away. Use a knife to cut the corn away,
slice downwards from top to bottom. This vegetable can be served
on the cob or as kernels on the side.
Cooking Corn on the Cob - How to Boil Corn
Place the corn on the cob in a saucepan of salted boiling water.
The cooking time will vary depending on the size of the cob.
Generally, the cobs should be boiled for approximately 10 to 15
minutes. Serve the corn when it becomes tender, with a little
salt and butter.
This vegetable makes an excellent
addition to salad, it accompanies tuna extremely well and it is
an excellent food to serve alongside a variety of vegetables.
This is an excellent lunchtime snack as it makes a healthy
sandwich filler or salad addition which is packed full of