Cherry
 
The health benefits of cherries are provided by the important vitamins and nutrients which this healthy fruit contains. The vitamins in cherries are as follows; vitamin A, vitamin B3, vitamin B5 and vitamin C.
Cherry nutrition includes the fruit's excellent source of flavonoids and antioxidants which can assist the body in beating harmful illnesses and diseases. It is thought that cherry can protect bones by maintaining their strength. This is because cherry provides a mineral known as boron.
 
Fruits
 
Healthy Foods Index
 
Cherry

The nutritional value of cherries is high, however, their possible life enhancing benefits could be even higher and certainly shouldn't be ignored. There are various minerals and nutrients in cherries which can possibly reduce muscle pain, joint pain and aches.

The cherry takes on an anti-inflammatory effect so they are a particularly good fruit for arthritis sufferers, or anyone with rheumatism or gout. Another important benefit of cherry is their natural source of dietary fiber which aids the digestive system and can encourage regular bowel movement.

Cherry is low in calories, this is a fruit which is bursting with health benefits whether its eaten raw, fresh, cooked or dried. The amount of calories in cherry depends on the method the cherry is served or cooked, for example if the fruit is served in syrup or brandy, obviously it will contain more calories. Cherry is extremely low in fat.

The following calorie guide can be used to calculate the amount of cherry calories and carbohydrates:

Calories in Cherries per 100 grams:
Raw, sweet cherry - 77 calories
Fresh, raw cherry with skin- 48 calories / 11.5 carbs
Cherry is syrup - 71 calories / 18.5 carbs
Black cherries in syrup - 86 calories / 20.3 carbs
 
 
Cherry

Cherry is a beautiful looking red, deep red or black small stone fruit which grows, in clusters, from the cherry tree. The cherry hangs from the tree by its long thin stem, cherries grow in pairs. There is also a variety of cherry grown which has a pale yellow - cream color.

Cherries are stone fruits, the small stone lies in the centre of the fruit. The skin is firm and the taste of cherry may be either sweet or sour, depending on the type, some varieties are suitable for only eating, and some types of cherry are suitable for cooking. Darker cherries tend to taste more sour than paler colored types which usually taste sweeter, however, this is not always the case.

The History of Cherry
The cherry dates way back when the Chinese first began cultivating the fruit centuries ago. The first wild cherries were known as Mazzards, which is a type of cherry that is still available today. Mazzards are a sweet cherry, however, sour cherries were also grown during the early years.

Varieties of Cherry
There are hundreds of cherry varieties available, some are sweet whilst others are sour. Cherries are grouped under three categories which include:

Hybrid cherry - hybrids are suitable for both eating and cooking.

Sweet cherry - sweeter varieties taste delicious, therefore, they are suitable for eating raw.

Sour cherry - due to the sharp, bitter taste, sour cherries are not palatable, therefore, they are suitable for cooking purposes only.

There are many varieties of cherry grown, however, the following names, descriptions and information covers some of the most recognized and popular types of cherries:

Sweet Cherry

Bing Cherry - This is a large sweet cherry which falls under the Bigarreaus category as its flesh is crisp and firm, unlike the Guines soft, fleshy texture. Bing cherries are popularly grown in North America, they taste delicious and sweet. This is a variety of red cherry.

Black Tartarian Cherry - this is a sweet type of cherry which falls under the Geans / Guines category as their flesh is juicy and soft. As the name would suggest, the skin and flesh of Black Tartarian cherries is a dark shade of purple - black colors.

Early Rivers Cherry - Like the Black Tartarians, the Early Rivers cherries are also classified within the Geans / Guines category as the fruit's texture and flesh is juicy and soft. This is a sweet tasting, purple cherry.

Napoleon Cherry - This variety is unusual as its a type of yellow cherry, the skin is pale yellow with red flushing. The taste of Napoleons is sweet, and similar to the Bing cherry, Napoleon cherries are a Bigarreaus type as their flesh has a a firm, crisp texture.

Ranier Cherry - This is a soft, sweet and juicy cherry so it is categorized under the Geans / Guines group, along with varieties such as Black Tartarians and Early Rivers, however, Ranier cherries are unique to many varieties as this is a golden cherry with a tinge of pink.

Sour Cherry
Amarelle Cherry - This is a type of sour cherry which is inedible raw. Amarelle cherries are popular, they are very good for making jam and preserves. The cherry juice is practically colorless.

English Cherry - This is small variety with a sour flavor, a type of bright orange red cherry. English cherries are ideal for preserving in brandy.

Maraschino Cherry - this is a special type as Maraschino cherries are distilled in Maraschino, which is a sweet, sticky, colorless Italian liqueur. When Maraschino cherries were first developed, the types of cherries distilled in this fabulous liqueur were Damasca cherries or Amaresca cherries from Dalmatia. However, in more recent times, the ordinary cherry has been used.

Montmorency Cherry - This is a common name of cherry which appears in various dishes. Montmorency cherries have a combination of both sweet and sour tastes and flavors. This is a variety of bright red cherries.

Morello Cherry - Morellos are very popular and one of the main types of sour cherries which are commonly recognized. Morello cherries are small in size and deep red in color. The Morello cherry juice is dark red. The fruit tastes very sour so they are not ideal for eating raw unless preserved in a liquid such as syrup or brandy. The French name for Morello is Griottes. This is an ideal cherry for making preserves and jam.

Yoshino Cherry - this is a hybrid variety, the origin is unknown, however, Yoshino cherries are sometimes referred to by the name of 'The Japanese Cherry' which is commonly eaten by birds. The taste is more sour than sweet. It comes from a flowering cherry plant which is popularly grown, particularly in Japan. This is a small fruit which consists of more red cherry juice than flesh.
 
 
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